Honeybees work. They work all spring and summer to store up enough pollen and honey for their colony to survive the winter. However, sometimes, their best efforts are not enough and they can end up starving to death if their supplies run out. As you have read, in the early spring and late fall when the nectar and pollen supplies are low, we feed our honeybees sugar syrup as a supplement. They can take this honey syrup or leave it. The choice is up to them and it provides them with access to extra food if need be. However, sugar syrup and freezing temperatures do not agree, thus those keeping bees in colder climates must feed their bees another way.
I have researched this very topic quite a bit. The good news is that there are options. You can make fondant that sits on top of the frames. You can use the Mountain Camp Method with some sugar poured directly on newspaper, or you can create a candy board. To me the choice is clear. The candy board once made requires little maintenance, is easy to refill, and can hold up to 15 pounds of sugar. The sugar itself helps to absorb moisture and humidity from the hive. It is accessible to the bees from all the frames in the upper deep and doesn’t require the beekeeper to open the hives frequently to check and replenish the food.
Making my own candy board
I am lucky enough to have a wonderful friend whose boyfriend made two frames just for me. They are the 2″ high and the width and length of the hive’s body. Think spacer-beekeeping friends.
Drill a 5/8″ hole into the center of one of the shorter sides.
Then spray paint them and allow them to dry overnight.Next, add hardware cloth to the bottom.
Wear long sleeves and work gloves. It can take a real good bite out of you!
Place these flat onto a piece of plastic.
Line the bottom with one layer of newspaper or packing paper.
Next, cut an easy access entry hole in the bottom of the paper lining near the outside access hole. This serves as a pathway for the bees to easily gain access instead of having to chew through the paper.
Place a small square plastic container right side up to keep the integrity of this hole.
It was time to mix the sugar and the water together. In a very large cooking pot, I mixed by hand two cups of water to 10 pounds of sugar. Once combined, it will appear clumpy. Dump that into one of your candy boards. You can also add a pollen patty into the bottom of the candy board as well prior to dumping out the sugar.
Smooth it out using the spoon and then transitioning to your hands. The candy board can accommodate 15 pounds of sugar for areas colder than Zone 6. 15 pounds of sugar will combine with 3 cups of water. If using 15 pounds of sugar, to ensure uniform sugar placement flush with the inner cover, try using a small piece of lumber or a ruler to smooth the top flat.
I set the candy boards aside to dry. Inside during winter weather, they should dry within 24 hours to a very hard consistency. Once dry, remove the plastic container.
Place the finished candy board between the uppermost deep and the inner cover. This emergency food source should last the bees through the entire winter. I will be placing these on the hives tomorrow and will probably not take a peek at the hives again until February. My fingers are crossed that the bees survive the winter. It is entirely up to the strength of the colony now.
Some benefits to using a candy board
1. Less frequent entry into the hive by you.
2. Less exposure of the bees to temperatures outside the hive as you open to replenish their stores.
3. The candy board’s sugar will help to absorb excess moisture inside the hive, helping to keep humidity low.
4. The entry/exit hole in the side of the candy board will allow excess moisture to escape the hive.
5. Ease of use. Less mess.
Guest post by Melissa Caughey, Grit.com
A huge thanks to beverlybees.com for sharing the candy board technique with her readers, including me, on her wonderful beekeeping blog. To read more about my first year beekeeping adventures from the beginning, click here.
Like the idea of not disturbing the bees. Couple of questions, does the candy board provide enough ventilation for the hive? If you have used these boards for a couple of seasons, what is the estimated time the bees consume the sugar? Thanks
can you add Honey Bee Healthy to this mix? How much? Thanks
Great idea! How do you secure the hardware cloth?Do you staple the hardware cloth to the sides of the frame?
why paint the wood?
I cut old hive boxes into two or three 2″high frames and they make fine feeders.
I use a queen excluder instead of hardware cloth for the base. I also leave a large clear area in the middle for ventilation and place a quilt box on top of the candy board for moisture to escape the hive. You also need far less water. I use 10 Tablespoons for 10 lbs sugar.
Is cane sugar or organic sugar better for bee health?